人間の視線追跡する技術 Eye tracking technology
Determing what a user look at.Eye tracking is a reseach using technique for measuring either the
point of gaze or the motion of the eye along the text.Using sophisticated equipment, eye tracking
follows the eye movements of a person looking at any visual such as a printed, an application's
user interface a page on a Web site.
Human sight has a visual field about 120 degrees, encompassing three degrees of visual acuity:
foveal, parafoveal, and peripheral vision.
We move our head and eyes to focus the foeva on objects of interest that we want to see.
Eye movement has two states:(A)Saccade --- a saccade is the fastest movement of which the human
body is capable taking about 30 milliseconds and centre content within the foveal area.
(B) Fixation --- a fixation occurs when this movement stops, permitting the eye acquire content.
During saccadic activity, we cannot see at all. We perceive the world visually only through fixations.
The brain virtually integrates the visual images that we acquire through successive fixation.
Eye tracking setups vary greatly; some are ahead-mounted, some require the head to be stable,and some
function remotely and automatically track the head during motion.
Most use a sampling rate of at least 30Hz. Although 50/60 Hz is most common, today many video-based
eyey-tracker run at 240,350 or even 1000/1200Hz ,which is needed in order to capture the details of
the very rapid eyemovements during readinds or during studies or neurology.
A wide variety of disciplines use eye tracking techniques, including cognitive science, psychology,
Marketing research and medical research(neruology diagnosis). specific applications include the
tracking eye movement in language reading, music reading and the perception of advertising,
the playinng of sport.